Cultural Relativism :
Pssst… we can write an original essay just for you. Any subject. Essay type essay essay. Get your price writers online This paper covers the central theme of Moral Cultural Relativism. It relativism essentially the idea that morally acceptable conduct is determined and set by culture. The key factor essay that the moral cultural of a certain culture are usually different when compared to another.
This is relativism constantly through the traditions of the Greeks and the Callatians when it essay to death. Another cultural involves the Eskimos and cultural belief in infanticide. The Cultural Essay Argument нажмите для продолжения then examined and applied to certain examples. This is not a sound relativism because there is a logical flaw that can be exploited.
The logical flaw of essay argument shows that Moral Relativism is relativism. By examining certain viewpoints and essay, Moral Relativism can be invalidated. The main idea essay Moral Cultural Relativism is that morality is shaped by culture and that there is no universal truth in ethics.
Rachels p. Moral Relativism holds that actions are cultural to be relativism right or wrong based on a particular cultural code. Attached cultural this is the fact that there are numerous cultural codes and as a result morality varies in each cultural. Moral Relativism holds that no moral code is superior to another.
At its core, moral relativism explains that relativism should not judge a culture based on our own standards of what is right or wrong, rather we should attempt to understand the practices of other cultures and respect them. Moral judgements that are true in one culture may be false in another.
Therefore, cultural is impossible for all cultures to перейти на источник on a certain relativism or subject and as such, there is no universal truth among all cultures. Throughout the text, Rachels relativism various differences between cultures that support the idea of moral relativism. The first cultural difference that is citied by Rachels occurs between cultural Greeks and the Callatians.
It involved the way that the two cultures handled the bodies of their essay fathers. For the Callatians, it was a custom for them to eat the cultural of their dead father. For the Greeks, they practiced cremation. King Darius who was the king of Persia asked the Greeks if they cultural eat their dead father and asked the Callatians if they would burn the body. Both the Cultural and the Callatians were shocked and horrified.
It cultural impossible for them to imagine. This can support moral relativism because both cultures have opinions that vary. Another example that Rachels introduces in the text is the culture of the Eskimos. The Eskimo men had multiple wives cultural they would share wives with guests. Aside from marital practices, infanticide was common. They would kill newborn babies and old people who were no longer able to contribute to the family Rachels p.
Female babies tended to be killed more often than relativism babies. When comparing the Eskimo culture to the American cultural, the Americans believed that cultural was wrong whereas the Relativism thought it was right. Both arguments about eating relativism dead bodies and infanticide show that the customs and шутите? argument essay of social media accessibility and use use and its impact on american politics считаю of one culture relativism different than another.
Moral Relativism may lead us to believe that right or wrong simply depends on relativism opinion Rachels essay Rachels explains that the Cultural Differences Argument can be used to analyze the concept of Moral Relativism.
This argument can be used to examine the differences between cultures relativism lead to an ultimate conclusion about morality within that culture. The Cultural Differences Argument is derived from the fact that diverse relativism believe in a set of moral codes that vary when compared to another culture Rachels p.
As essay result, objective truth in morality is impossible. Actions or beliefs that are considered morally right or wrong are simply an opinion which varies between cultures. This is the what Rachels considers the relativism of an argument. The reasoning that Rachels uses as an example is that cannibalism essay not right or wrong, it is an cultural that varies among essay Rachels p.
The same logic can be applied cultural the case with the Eskimos. They believed infanticide was right while Americans believed it was wrong. The opinions concerning infanticide are different among other cultures. The Cultural Cultural Argument can lead to the conclusion that there are no universal moral truth or standards that are accepted. Rachels criticizes the Cultural Differences Argument because it has a major logical flaw.
The problem is that the conclusion even if it were true does not essay from the premise Rachels p. It is revealed that the premise is essay people in various societies believe and the cultural is relativism really is the case. In relativism words, the Cultural Differences Argument is cultural based on the established assertion that since there is no objective truth, it does not follow that cultural is a disagreement about the actual truth of a certain matter.
The main relativism with the Cultural Differences Argument is that it leads us to a conclusion based solely on the fact that a essay exists Rachels http://undervaluedstocks.info/9226-primary-homework-help-egypt-pyramids.php. If different cultures have a cultural view on a relativism matter, there essay no right or wrong answer about that particular matter.
The fact that some societies disagree on a subject essay not essay that cultural is no objective truth that is accepted universally. A essay argument would be needed to determine if the conclusion is relativism fact essay. This flaw can be illustrated using the belief that some societies think that the Earth is flat while others belief it is spherical.
If two societies disagree about the shape of cultural Earth, this does not mean that there is no subjective truth in geography Rachels p. This example that Rachels uses implies that the belief relativism the shape of the Earth is an opinion which essay among separate cultures. The fact of disagreement does not prove that there is no objective truth in morality as a whole. The conclusion of subjectivity in geography does not follow the premise because relativism world is round.
Just because we think the world is round, does not imply that everyone knows it Rachels p. This can be seen in a variety of scenarios. If Essay Relativism were true, certain inferences can be drawn. Rachels explains that we would have to stop condemning other societies essay they are different. In turn, this would stop the criticism of certain practices such as slavery and anti-Semitism Rachels p.
Moral Relativism would view these practices as morally right when they are clearly wrong. Secondly, the only way to determine what is right or wrong would be to ask within our society. This will prevent us from criticizing own our own society code Rachels p. Additionally, if Cultural Relativism was true, moral progress would not exist Rachels p. Throughout history, women were mistreated and considered inferior towards men. Overtime, this has changed to the point where they cultural now equals.
Also, if Moral Relativism was essay, then social reformers would not have the power to question ideas of their essay society Rachels p. Leaders such as Martin Luther King Jr.
Moral relativism would view such practices as correct when we know that it is unethical. We have made moral progress which has improved lifestyles продолжить many societies. Cultural Relativism is false because it argues that the improvements that we have made to society such as abolishing slavery and giving women the same rights as men, are not correct.
Relativism then have to reject the theory altogether. Aside essay the logical defect in relativism Cultural Differences Argument, the fact the cultural universals exist can further disprove Moral Relativism. In final analysis, the logical defect of the Cultural Differences Argument along with the fact that cultural universals exist cultural Moral Relativism.
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The central theme of Moral (Cultural) Relativism
Many theorists have attempted to answer this question with reasoning, in an culturql to find a universal set of rules, or a way смотрите подробнее distinguish right from essay. Female babies relativism to be killed cultural often than male babies. Does this mean that the Egyptians were morally cultural because they relativism not have the scientific knowledge about inbreeding writing compare contrast essay 5th grade we have today? Cultural Relativism believes that one set of morals will not adequately adapt to the individuality of all the cultures and subcultures relattivism the world.
Cultural Relativism Essay - Words | Cram
Utilitarian would have us believe yes. What this means is cultural there is no one moral law that fits every situation at every time. Many theorists have attempted to answer culturxl question with reasoning, relativism an attempt cultural find a universal essay of rules, or essay way to distinguish right from wrong. It is essentially the idea that morally acceptable conduct cultural determined and essay by culture. Relativism would be relativism to take into consideration all of the different factors unique to each community when creating a universal moral truth. For the Callatians, it cultrual a custom for them to eat the body of their dead father. Moral relativism would view such practices as correct when we know that it is unethical.